Hikayat Hang Tuah is a famous Malay literary work that tells the story of Hang Tuah, a legendary warrior and hero who served the Sultan of Malacca in the 15th century. The hikayat (or epic) is considered one of the masterpieces of Malay classical literature and reflects the values and ideals of the Malay society at that time.
If you are interested in reading this historical and cultural treasure, you might be wondering how to download Hikayat Hang Tuah Pdf for free. Fortunately, there are some online sources that offer free access to various manuscripts and editions of the hikayat. Here are some of them:
Hikayat Hang Tuah Jilid 1: This is a modern edition of the hikayat based on MS 28a, a manuscript owned by Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Malaysia's language and literature agency). It was transliterated and edited by Muhammad Haji Salleh, a prominent Malay scholar and poet. The edition was published by Phoenix Publishing in 2013.
Hikayat Hang Tuah: This is an older edition of the hikayat based on MS Raffles 18, a manuscript owned by the British Library. It was transliterated and edited by R.O. Winstedt, a British colonial officer and scholar who studied Malay language and culture. The edition was published by the Journal of The Straits Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society in 1921.
Hikayat Hang Tuah II 2010: This is another modern edition of the hikayat based on MS Raffles 32, another manuscript owned by the British Library. It was transliterated and edited by Bot Genoot Schap, a Dutch scholar who specializes in Malay manuscripts. The edition was published by Brill in 2010.
To download any of these editions, you just need to click on the link and choose the PDF option from the menu on the right side of the page. You can then save the file to your device or read it online.
However, please note that these editions are not official or authorized by any institution or authority. They are provided for educational and research purposes only. If you want to obtain a more reliable and authentic version of the hikayat, you might need to consult a library or a bookstore that specializes in Malay literature.
I hope this article has helped you find what you are looking for. Happy reading!
Hikayat Hang Tuah is not only a literary work, but also a source of historical and cultural information. It depicts the glory and decline of the Malacca Sultanate, which was one of the most powerful and influential maritime empires in Southeast Asia in the 15th and 16th centuries. It also portrays the social and political structure, the customs and traditions, the values and beliefs, and the arts and sciences of the Malay world at that time.
The hikayat also showcases the heroism and loyalty of Hang Tuah and his four companions, Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekir, and Hang Lekiu. They were known as the Laksamana (admirals) of Malacca and served the Sultan with utmost devotion and courage. They fought against various enemies and rivals, such as the Portuguese, the Siamese, the Javanese, and the Acehnese. They also faced many challenges and conflicts, both internal and external, that tested their friendship and faith.
One of the most famous episodes in the hikayat is the duel between Hang Tuah and Hang Jebat. This happened after Hang Tuah was falsely accused of treason by a jealous courtier and sentenced to death by the Sultan. However, he was secretly saved by his friend Tun Teja, who hid him in a cave. Meanwhile, Hang Jebat avenged his friend by rebelling against the Sultan and taking over the palace. He killed many officials and nobles who had wronged Hang Tuah. When Hang Tuah learned about this, he was conflicted between his loyalty to his friend and his loyalty to his ruler. He decided to confront Hang Jebat and challenge him to a duel. The duel lasted for seven days and seven nights, until Hang Tuah finally killed Hang Jebat with his famous weapon, the Kris Taming Sari.
The hikayat has been widely studied and interpreted by various scholars and critics from different perspectives and disciplines. Some have praised it as a masterpiece of Malay literature that reflects the genius and creativity of its author(s). Some have criticized it as a propaganda tool that glorifies feudalism and absolutism. Some have analyzed it as a historical document that reveals the facts and events of the Malacca Sultanate. Some have explored it as a cultural artifact that expresses the identity and worldview of the Malay people.
Whatever your opinion or interest may be, Hikayat Hang Tuah is undoubtedly a valuable and fascinating work that deserves your attention and appreciation. If you want to learn more about it, you can also check out some of the adaptations and translations that have been made in various media and languages. For example, you can watch the 1956 film \"Hang Tuah\" directed by Phani Majumdar, or read the 1989 novel \"The Malay Annals\" by Abdullah Hussain. 061ffe29dd